SAINT-YVES D' ALVEYDRE
The archéomètre is it the measurement of 'Archè'
(Universal Cosmic Force) of which the Hermetists speaks. It is a process,
a 'key' which provides entrance to the Mysteries of the Word.
The archéomètre is a measuring instrument for the primary principles of the manifested universe.
Alexandre Saint Yves d'Alveydre's Archéomètre shows the original Atlantean alphabet translated into the material the word, form, color, smell, sound and taste. It is the key to all religions and sciences of Antiquity.
The archéomètre is represented by a circle, which has two scales, one from 0 to 360 degrees and the other from 360 degrees to 0. It is divided into 12 segments of 30 degrees each.
In the individual ranges are drawn in the signs of the Zodiac, the planets, the colors, the music and the letters of different alphabets.
The archéomètre is a universal canon, which wants to establish the relationship between the astrological components, music, smells, letters and colors. The musician finds in it the color of tones, the writer the sound of letters, etc..
Beside this the archéomètre has also a practical use for religion, the arts and architecture, and is a synthesis of different ranges of form.
The term archéomètre is derived from the Greek and has a meaning close to "the measure of the principle". The system refers also to a series of symbols and meanings belonging to the Universal Tradition.
Since the Mysteries of the Universal Tradition are multitude, and differ depending strongly on local culture, d'Alveydre had to elevate himself above all the traditions which are contained in the Tradition: on the one hand the ancient Hebrew tradition, from which the concept of the signs of the Zodiacs and the other constellations, as well as the letters of the holy Alphabets are drawn, and on the other hand a tradition asian descent, in which the drawer is admired as "Sanctuary of the secrets".
On the disk of the archéomètre different components are represented: asterisks, planet, degree numbers, of music notes, and mainly all the letters of very different alphabets. These letters of diverse languages are from various alphabeths: French, Syrian, Assyrian, Samaritan, Kaldean, Arab and a few more. In addition, the letters of the holy alphabet [Hebrew], which is a reflection of the astral alphabet.
Here d'Alveydre uses only nineteen letters instead of the traditionally twenty-two, since the three 'Mother' letters are missing. The nineteen letters are the sum of the twelve Signs of the Zodiac and the seven planets. The meaning of the letters and the alphabets is therefore of such a great importance, a condition exists which creates the method of the mathematical combinations, which is central to many esoteric systems.
The numerical basis of the archéomètre expressed in a duodecimal system (or a base 12 system), which derives from a triplicity (3 x 4).
The system of the archéomètre consists of different concentric circles of correspondences, and contains the respective concordances: the colors, the planets, the signs of the Zodiac, the musical notes, whith letters and the numbers.
The four equalateral triangles form its center. They form twelve points, each pointing to a color.
The first triangle - which corresponds to the Earth - points to yellow, blue and red represents the most important legend. Behind lays the triangle corresponding with Water, which points to violet (as mix of red and blue), to orange (a mix of red and yellow), and to green (a mix of yellow and blue).
The rotation of these two basic triangles of 60 and/or 30 degrees produces the triangles corresponding to air and the fire. These triangles point towards internmediary tones, which are the products of the mixture of the two color neighbours.
The center of the figure is white, representing all the colors, the unity. Beyond the circles which enclose the "archéomètre", is black which represents the absence of light, thus the absence of any color. Here is symbolized the realm of the outside darkness.
Astrology follows the same structure for the signs of Fire (Aries, Lion and Sagittarius) in an anteclockwize giration, and the same occurs for the three Earth Signs (Capricorn, Taurus and Virgo). It is the same for the Air Signs (Libra, Aquarius and Gemini) and the Water Signs (Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces) .
What regards the allocation of the seven planets into the twelve Signs of the Zodiac, the so-called domiciles of the planets, the Sign in which it prevail), the Sun comes first, which symbolyses the day and the Moon, which is assigned to the night, have only one individual domicile, Lion and cancer, respectively.
The allocation of the planets follows the Zodiac symmetrically devided into two halves, one dedicated to the Sun, the other to the Moon. Every planet-with exception of Moon and Sun-rules in two Signs and there are thus two colors associated to them. These signs are named Domicile and Exaltation. These are the colors of the oxides or salts of the metal, which is assigned to the planet. In most cases each of these metals has two oxides.
Saturn in its Domicile-in Capricorn-corresponds to the yellow color.
Saturn in Exaltation-in Aquarius-corresponds to the yellow-orange color.
Jupiter in its Domicile-in Pisces-corresponds to that orange
Jupiter in Exaltation-in Sagittarius-corresponds to green-yellow
and so on.
The correspondances of the metals to colors are: gold belongs the Sun, silver to the Moon, lead to Saturn, tin to Jupiter, iron to Mars, copper to Venus and mercury to Mercury. The traditional colors offer thus references to aspects that the planets assign to metals.
What regards the symbolism of the days of the week: the Sun represents Sunday; the Moon Monday; Mars, Tuesday; Mercury, Wednesday; Jupiter, Thursday; Venus, Friday and Saturn, Saturday.
Similarly, the colors provide a correspondance between the Planets and the music tones. C belongs to Jupiter , D belongs to Mars, E belongs the Sun, F belongs to Venus, G belongs to Mercury, A belongs to the Moon and to B belongs to Saturn.
If one goes through the circular set up of the archéomètre, in the way shown in this illustration, constantly shifting between day and night respectively, between the daily and nightly domimicile of the planets . The arrangement takes a three-dimensional form with spiral-shaped bodies.
The Planisphere archéomètre , is divided into seven zones, which are to be read from the outside to the inside.
The first zone consists of two concentric circles, both containing numbers of degrees, turning in opposite directions, and placed in such a way that their sums are always 360 degrees.
The second zone contains letters - twelve morphologic letters, twelve arithmologic ones, the magic characteristics of characteristic numbers and the twelve colors.
The third zone is mobile. It contains the ring with the twelve summits of the equilateral triangles, each containing a planet, a letter from five different alphabets, a number and a color, as well as the colorless ring which holds the musical notes.
The fourth is fixed zone and consists of the symbols representing the twelve Signs of the Zodiak.
The fifth, again a mobile zone covers the indications concerning the planets.
The sixth zone hosts the twelve corners resulting from four equilateral triangles, lying on top of each other, twelve colors, four triangles, two hexagons.
In the seventh zone contains Mi, the central note of music, and/or its morphologic letter. There are also twelve white rays are and six diameters.